Addressing Periodontal Infection with Osseous Surgery
In such a case, Dr. Nazanin Narani may recommend osseous, or flap, surgery to restore periodontal health. This form of gum surgery can be very effective for eliminating active periodontal infection and reducing periodontal pocket depths (the spaces between the teeth and gums where bacteria live, thrive and cause structural damage).
The Process of Osseous Surgery
Prior to beginning the gum surgery procedure, Dr. Narani will numb the affected areas for ultimate comfort. The gum tissue is then incised and retracted to allow access to the tooth roots and underlying bone. Specialized instruments are used to remove plaque and tartar deposits and disrupt bacterial colonies residing deep beneath the gum tissue. Areas of diseased, infected tissue are also removed. The root surfaces and any bone discrepancies are smoothed to inhibit bacterial growth and encourage gum reattachment to the tooth structure. Sutures are placed and post-operative instructions reviewed.
Since periodontal disease causes loss of bone tissue, which teeth require for continued support, Dr. Narani may incorporate regenerative materials into gum disease treatment with osseous surgery. Additional bone or gum tissue may be necessary to periodontal health in certain cases, and can be used with healing membranes to promote integration of new and existing tissues.